LV – Flora and Fauna


This protected area is home to several species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians representing 33% of all known species in El Salvador. Some of them have the characteristic of being endemic, meaning that they only live in small restricted areas on the planet, in this case, in the highlands of northern Central America.

Researchers have been given the task of identifying the greatest possible number of species. As a result of this work, Los Volcanes is home to 61 mammals, 164 birds, 27 reptiles and 8 amphibians.

An example of these specimens are the fox, gray and brown squirrel, whitetail deer, snakes, cat eyes, black crested eagles, green toucans, talconetes, bebeleches or anoles, black tree frogs and cave frogs.

The species of insects and arachnids represent a universe of shapes and colors. Although they haven’t been studied in the Park, they will certainly captivate the attention of those more observant of details.


At Los Volcanes, several habitats can be found interacting in perfect harmony.

Natural Habitats:

Cloud forests

Westfall height

Vegetation over lava

“Naked” lava

Sulfur lagoon

Disturbed Habitats:

Forest plantations

Coffee crops


Basic grain crops

The vegetation inhabiting the high moorland comprises agave and hemlocks, composite flowers and grasses. Cypresses are dominant in forest plantations, where they reach up to 40 meters high and 6 meters in circumference. In the cloud forests, visitors will find: alais, aguatillo de montaña, el culebro and mano de león.

This type of vegetation nurtures a variety of epiphytic plants (also known as plants that grown on other plants / epi = on and fitos = plants), such as orchids, bromeliads, aroids, mosses, ferns, lichens (indicating low air pollution) and cacti. Fungi and extremophile bacteria (those that live in extreme environments due to acidity and temperature of the sulfur lagoon and volcanic vents) are suitable for living at Los Volcanes Complex.

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