Called Complejo Los Volcanes for housing three giants renowned for their impressive moments in El Salvador’s history.
The weather is almost always cool (between 6° and 8° C), although it might vary drastically and become warmer, this possible variation depends on the sun. Early in the morning and at night, as well as when it is clouded or windy, temperature lowers. On a normal day, the weather will be between 16 and 24° C. From May to October, it rains heavily, which is why we recommend camping in the remaining months.
Los Volcanes National Park is a protected natural area in El Salvador comprising three of the 14 “young” volcanoes (between 2 million and 250 years, according to geologists) of the Cordillera Apaneca-Lamatepec: volcanoes of Santa Ana, Izalco and Cerro Verde, located in Santa Ana and Sonsonate.
Located at the eastern end of the mountains, Los Volcanes National Park has become an important biological corridor next to El Imposible National Park (west end). This means that wildlife species have a “bridge” that they use to go from one park to the other, through over 40 kms of shaded coffee plantations and upland forests. Therefore, El Salvador identifies Los Volcanes among its priorities when it comes to the conservation of natural areas.
With 4,500 hectares, it comprises state land, private land and municipal land. Its elevations vary from 500 and 2,380 meters above the sea.
The Park is located in the Biosphere Reserve Apaneca- Llamatepec, declared as such by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in 2007. The Park’s location is characterized by coffee production, which is an important economic activity for the locals. The area also allows production of grains, flowers, honey, as well as, livestock and sugarcane.
Volcán de Izalco
Throughout history, this colossus was called “The Lighthouse of the Pacific” because it was a guide at night for ships plying the Salvadoran coast. Incessantly and for nearly 196 years, the volcano offered a spectacle of cascades of lava and red-hot rocks thrown into the air, falling without causing greater danger in the crops at the foot of the volcano. This activity came to form a cone of 650 meters above the surrounding plain (1.952 meters above sea level), with a crater 250 meters in diameter.
Volcán Cerro Verde
In El Salvador, it is known simply as Cerro Verde, but it actually is a volcano that was born about 1.5 billion years ago and last erupted about 25,000 years ago. It has a height of 2,030 meters, and its crater is eroded and covered by cloud forest (median evergreen forest), so that tourists can be confused with a hill.
Volcán de Santa Ana (also known as Cerro de la Vieja)
It is the largest of the Park and the third highest point in El Salvador. It has an elevation of 2,381 meters. Its geological history goes back about 2 million years, with irregular eruptions, such is the case Llamatepec showed its strength in 2005, with an eruption that destroyed vegetation, villages and crops. For over a year and a half, Civil Protection System banned sightseeing or other activity in the vicinity of the Colossus, because it was active and potentially dangerous to the area.